Municipal Archives

​Audio and Video Recordings

This page contains audio and video pieces from some of the individuals who participated, in one way or another, in the 14-1 lawsuit by being lawyers, plaintiffs, or community leaders.  Also included are clips from four of the first members of the elected 14-1 Council.

The over-arching topic discussed is the importance of the 14-1 ruling to Dallas citizens and the Dallas government.  Other themes are the historical social and political issues for the black and Latino populations in Dallas' at-large voting districts, how different legal, political, and activist groups worked together during the lawsuit, the benefits and geography of single-member districts, and, finally, what advice the individuals have for students interested in their local governments.

​The following three sound bites from December 20, 1990, are included to provide an example of the climate in City Council meetings during the time of the lawsuit and related negotiations.  Tensions could run high on both sides of the horseshoe, as the Dallas Council Chambers are called between Council Colleagues and Council Members and citizens.  Council Colleagues varied in their opinions on how to address and resolve Dallas' voting district problems.

Clip 1—The voices are Glenn Box and Al Lipscomb
Clip 2—The voice is Diane Ragsdale
Clip 3—The voices are Charles Tandy, Al Lipscomb, and Diane Ragsdale



Plaintiffs' Attorneys

Roy Williams* Marvin Crenshaw
Betsy Julian and Mike Daniel

Defendant - City of Dallas


Single-Member District Advocates

Annaleslie Muncy City Attorney

Diane Ragsdale Deputy Mayor Pro Tem

Results of the Trial ​- A 14-1, Representative Dallas City Council


Domingo Garcia Member,
First 14-1
Don Hicks Member,
First 14-1 Council
Chris Luna Member,
First 14-1
blah blahbhab
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*Excerpt from Sharing the Power:  A Voter's Voice Special.  Used by permission from KERA.
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